Where is sports betting legal?

What States Is Sports Betting Legal? Legislation Status In All 50 States

The two most important moments in the history of legalized sports betting

1: The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (PASPA)

Also known as The Bradley Act, the law was passed in 1992 to clearly define the legal status of
sports betting in America. The act effectively banned sports betting in America with
exception of sports lotteries in Oregon, Delaware, Montana, and the licensed sports pools
in Nevada. The act also excluded Jai Alai, Pari mutuel horse, and dog racing from the act.

2: Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association

An Effort spearheaded by former NJ Governor Chris Christie which began in 2011 and eventually made its way to
the United States Supreme Court over the course of 7 years. The State of New Jersey
successfully argued that PASPA was in violation of the constitution and took away from a
States right to regulatory power. This decision ultimately allowed for the State of New
Jersey to Legalize Sports Betting which opened legalization for Online Sports Betting.


AL | AK | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | FL | GA | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS |

MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | OH | OK | OR | PA | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UT | VT | VA | WA | WV |

WI | WY | DC |


Updated 3/8/2020

Breaking Updates:

In Play : On Sunday March 8th, 2020 , Virginia legislators voted to pass HB896 to approve in-person and mobile sports betting in The State of Virginia. The bill directs the Virginia Lottery to regulate sports betting and establish a bill of of rights. The lottery will have the ability to approve 4-12 operator permits dependent on their determination of what will maximize tax revenue in the state. The Bill prohibits prop betting, futures betting, and in-play betting on all college sports in addition to prohibiting wagering on in-state college and youth sports teams. HB896 and HB911 repeal the prohibition against internet lottery sales as well. HB896 additionally outlines Virginia lotteries requirements for licensing fees, and establishing various consumer protection programs.

Friday February 21st, 2020, Georgia Senators introduced SB403 that will allow for the Georgia Lottery to authorize and regulate mobile or “app-based” sports betting. The bill, like Tennessee’s recently passed legislation has no cap on the number of operators. While the tax rate being proposed is an operator favorable 10%, the licensing fee proposed at $900,000 is a bit steep. The bill also outlines that the operators must use “official league data” to settle bets which will create additional licensing costs for operators. The lottery is to create a Georgia Mobile Sports Wagering Integrity Committee to oversee and introduce regulation. The Bill also has the backing of The Georgia Sports Integrity Alliance, which consists of the 4 major Georgia sports teams; NFL- Atlanta Falcons, NBA – Atlanta Hawks, MLB – Atlanta Braves, and MLS – United FC.

States With Legal Sports Betting (19 States + Washington D.C.)

  • Legal Not Live
  • Land Based + Online Sports Betting
  • Land Based Sports Betting Only
  • Online Sports Betting Only

Arkansas

Land Based Only

Legalized in 2018.

Colorado

Legislation Passed, Online Only, Go Live May 2020

Legalized November 2019.

Delaware

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized June 2018

Illinois

Legal, Not Live

Legalized June 2019

Indiana

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized August 2019

Iowa

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized May 2019. Online registration can begin online but must be completed at a land based sports book for finalization registration. In-person sign up legislation only applies until 2021.

Michigan

Legalized December 2019

Mississippi

Land Based Sportsbooks are Live, Online only allowed on Casino premises.

Legalized March 2017.

Montana

Legalized May 2019.

Nevada

Land based and Online Sports Betting

Legalized in 1949. Physical Sportsbooks have long been legal. Online Sports betting sign ups must be initiated in a physical location.

New Hampshire

Land Based and Online Sports Betting

Legalized July 2019. Single operator, Draftkings, has the exclusive online operating rights through the state lottery. Movile sports wagering has started and land based will soon follow.

New Jersey

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized June 2018. New Jersey led the movement by battling the federal ban against legal sports betting and setting precedent for States to pass their own legislation.

New Mexico

Land Based Sports Betting Only Live

Legalized February 2015. Tribal gaming operators only allowed to offer sports wagering in the state.

New York

Land Based Only

Legalized June 2013.

North Carolina

Land Based Sports Betting Only, pending go-live date.

Legalized July 2019. Will be offered by Tribal gaming establishments only.

Oregon

Online Sports Betting is Live

Legalized in August 2019. Sports betting is controlled by the Oregon state lottery. SB Tech won the exclusive bid as the Lottery’s chosen online operating platform.

Pennsylvania

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized in October 2017. Land based and online wagering operations went live in 2019. High tax rates and licensing fees in Pennsylvania have left many operators sitting on the sidelines waiting to enter the state.

Rhode Island

Land Based and Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized November 2018. IGT and William Hill are partnered as a sole operator in Rhode Island. Mobile wagering requires in-person registration.

Tennessee

Online Sports Betting Only, Not Live.

Legalized July 1st 2019.

Washington D.C.

Land Based and Online Sports Betting, Not Live Yet.

Legalized May 2019. Perhaps the most complicated of all US gambling legislation and still under contention from multiple Sports Betting operators over the fairness and legality of the new legislation.

As the legislation stands now, there are two classifications of sports betting licenses for land based operators. One class of licenses was set aside specifically for the cities 4 ( of 5) major sporting arenas. This license allows for sports wagering within the boundaries of the license holders physical location at physical retail betting counters as well as mobile wagering on property including within two blocks of the property.

The second class of licenses, additionally oversaw by the cities ABC (Alcoholic beverage control board), allows for bars and restaurants not within two blocks of a class one license holder to offer physical location sports wagering. The location must be approved by the cities ABC and that authority must issue a new amended liquor license.

To make things even more complicated. Washington DC legislators decided it would be able to monetize online wagering best by only allowing a single betting app for mobile wagering city-wide (excluding federal land areas of the city). This app will be operated by the DC lottery and their sole operating provider Intralot.

West Virginia

Land based And Online Sports Betting Live

Legalized in March 2018. Two casinos, Marti Gras and Wheeling Island launched retail and mobile betting in 2018. The mobile betting was offered though the BetLucky.com app. Both the retail operations and the online offering shuttered in 2019. For about 6 months the state was without any sports betting operations despite it’s legal status. In August 2019 both Draftkings and FanDuel launched online sports betting in the Mountaineer state. In January 2020 MGM followed suit with it’s BetMGM mobile sportsbook.


Legal Sports Betting On The Horizon(22 States)

  • Under Consideration
  • Bill Passed, Pending Guidance
  • Awaiting Referendum
  • Tribal Gaming Conflicts
  • Expecting Passage In Upcoming Sessions

Alabama

Legislation Proposed

April 2019 and again in January 2020 Legal sports betting bills have been proposed in Alabama. The tribal gaming casinos across the state are in support of legalizing sports betting in the state. Neither bill proposed has any suggestion of online sports betting. In a state that has turned down a state lottery commission it is progressive that even a sports betting bill has been proposed. The face is that Alabama is losing sports bettors to neighboring Mississippi and legislators are looking to close that loop. It is unknown the timeline and likelihood of legislation passing but it is safe to say, online sports wagering is not coming in the near future.

Alaska

Both Houses Legislation proposed, under review

On February 12th 2020 at the behest of Alaska Governor Mike Dunleavy, both legislative houses have introduced bills (SB 188 + HB 246) to establish a state lottery corporation. Both bills include the lottery’s ability to offer draw games, instant tickets, sports betting, and keno. The bills go on to state that the games can be conducted through any use of media including, electronic terminals, computers, and the internet.

The Governors memo includes the following statement:

In an era of declining state revenues, it is imperative for Alaska to consider new ways of funding government services that satisfy the public health and welfare needs of our citizens. Establishing the Alaska Lottery Corporation as a means to generate new revenues for the State will be one step in this direction. I urge your prompt and favorable action on this measure.

Alaska Governor Mike Dunleavy

It is safe to say that online sports betting legalization coming to Alaska in 2020.

Arizona

Bill proposed, under consideration

Arizona is a state with heavy tribal gaming influence. Across the US most tribal gaming networks have been opposed to all forms of sports betting. That is gradually changing with many tribal owned casinos now opening up to land based sports betting.

There is still heavy opposition to mobile sports betting offering from tribal gaming establishments. If the tribal gaming commissions across the US can get on the same page and find opportunities to capitalize off of mobile wagering we may find man states legalize both physical and online sports betting in the near future, Arizona included.

In the meantime it is highly likely Arizona will see land based sports betting in the near horizon, possibly by 2021.

California

Multiple Bills Proposed, Legislation being considered

California is one of the earliest states that has been discussing gaming expansion for a very long time. Tribal gaming companies control gaming in the state and has put up extensive resistance to all forms of gaming expansion in the state.

When online poker was a hot topic in the US, California was close to passing igaming legislation on numerous occasions which was ultimately shot down in the final hour. We are well past the old talking points about online poker, and whether or not Pokerstars is considered a bad actor which held up gaming expansion in the state over the years.

A new sports betting bill has been proposed that supposedly Tribal operations are in favor of and will go up for a vote in November 2020. Insiders are not optimistic about 2020 seeing any legislation getting passed but it would be quite feasible to expect some form of gaming expansion, related to sports betting, by the end of 2021.

Connecticut

Legislation being considered

Another state bogged down by push backs from tribal gaming legislation resistance. Connecticut is now in the middle of multiple states with passed sports betting legislation. At risk of losing revenue to surrounding states it is a matter of time before legislators will take action and move forward with a bill that can receive unanimous support.

It is anticipated a promising bill will be proposed in early 2020 and Connecticut is a very likely state to pass sports betting legislation in 2020.

Florida

No Legislation currently under review, public vote could change outlook

Tribal gaming has long controlled gaming expansion in The Sunshine State. In 2018 a public vote passing Amendment 3, prohibiting any legislature from passing any form of gaming expansion, doused any hopes for new casinos and igaming to come any time soon in Florida.

There was hope in 2019 that the Florida State lottery was exempt from Amendement 3, along with the Seminole Indians. In 2020 the Seminole tribe pushed the House Gaming Control Sub Committee to pass legislation unanimously that forbid the Florida State Lottery from introducing any form of sports wagering under it’s umbrella.

Any changes in gaming expansion, which multiple parties are interested, would require a new public vote.

Georgia

Legislation under consideration

Georgia clearly has sports betting on it’s mind. The major sports franchises in The Peach State have come out publicly expressing the need for Georgia to regulate sports wagering, or continue to lose revenue to illegal sports wagering operations.

While the support is present, and public polls indicate a demand, there is a significant uphill battle in the state for any sports wagering legislation to be passed. An amendment to the state constitution would be required before any bill could be proposed and accepted.

Kansas

Legislation under consideration

Kansas is a state that is moving fast with Sports Betting legislation. There are active conversations going on and bills being proposed. The final point of contention lies around who the managing authority will be of sports betting in the state. From public comments it appears that the existing land based casinos in the state in addition to the Kansas State lottery organization will be authorized to offer sports wagering.

There is active discussion surrounding land based and online sports betting. Kansas is a strong candidate for 2020 sports betting legalization.

Kentucky

Legislation under consideration

House Bill 137 passed the House Committee unanimously in January 2020. Further approval is required however the Governor is in support of legalizing sports wagering. A big point of contention among legislatures is whether or not to allow betting of in-state collegiate sports matches.

Louisiana

Legislation under consideration

Bills have been proposed but there is currently not a united front among stake holders (politicians + gaming operators). The 2020 Spring sessions are expected to bring new conversations and a more unified approach to legalizing sports wagering. Legalization likely will not occur in 2020 but many are optimistic seeing some form of gambling expansion to include sports wagering in 2021.

Maine

Legislation proposed and vetoed, tabled for further study

The Governor of Maine, Janet Mills vetoed a proposed sports betting bill in January of 2020. The veto came along with a respectable 2 page memo outlining her understanding in interest in the prospect of legal sports betting in Maine but deferred to her opinion that the State is not ready to move forward at this time.

Reasons include the need to give more time for the sports betting frenzy to settle so that the state can analyze it’s impact on the general population. Concerns include the saturation of media advertisements that could spawn a new world of problem gambling.

Mills did acknowledge that mobile technology appears to be able to identify and protect potential problem gambling but that state should wait to see how other states fare before rushing into legalizing sports betting in Maine.

Perhaps we can expect to see revived optimism later in 2020 or in 2021.

Massachusetts

Legislation proposed, on standby

Massachusetts, like Maine, appears to be taking the wait and see approach. The state does not feel the need to rush into the sports betting frenzy and would prefer to see how surrounding New England states fare with legal sports betting.

Neighboring Rhode Island is off to a slow start and is not setting a good precedent for any urgency in passing any form of sports betting. Unlike Rhode Island, Massachusetts has a more significant casino gaming presence in the state and comparing activity to Rhode Island is like comparing Apples to Oranges or perhaps a lead weight would be a better comparison.

While 2020 is not looking very good, it is possible to see serious activity in 2021.

Maryland

Legislation under consideration

HB 225 proposed in January 2020 is a very comprehensive sports betting bill being proposed in Maryland. The bill includes the issuance of 16 sports betting licenses to include land based sportsbooks and mobile wagering in the state. Maryland is high on the list of potential states to legalize in 2020.

Missouri

Legislation under consideration

Missouri sports wagering bill HB 2088 has passed the house floor and includes both land based and interactive sports wagering (online) in Missouri. The bill also expands gaming legislation around VLT and slot machines.

The bill would form “entertainment districts” that will have the ability to be licensed sports wagering facilities. Legalization of sports gambling is looking very likely in 2020.

North Dakota

Legislation proposed in 2019 and ultimately voted down. New legislation required

A bill proposed in 2019 and did not receive enough support for approval. A second pass at approving the bill was ultimately torpedoed with an overwhelming majority of a Republican dominated senate voting against the bill. Reasons cited essentially paint the picture that the State is not ready to accept sports betting due to concerns of problem gambling.

New legislation would be required, we will likely not see any activity until 2021.

Ohio

No new legislation proposed, House and Senate in Disagreement

2019 saw House and Senate bills proposed to legalize sports betting. Both bills had very different visions of what legal sports betting looked like in the state. There was much disagreement over who would oversee sports wagering in the state. Also, there were still many concerns over problem gambling and the complexity that comes with offering physical and online sports wagering.

There is more oversight required than a single land based casino operation when decisions need to be made about data providers, problem gambling oversight, and integrity issues for example. It appears the State is also taking a wait and see approach. We should not expect any promising movement in 2020 towards legalization.

South Dakota

Legislation under consideration

While there is somewhat of a long road ahead, it appears there is significant movement and support. A recently proposed bill in February 2020, SJR 501, recently passed the senate with bi-partisan support. The bill will now need to go to the house where support is mixed. If the house were to support, the bill will trigger a vote amongst South Dakota residence towards the end of 2020.

If the people of South Dakota vote in favor a final bill will have to be proposed in 2021 legislative sessions. With many surrounding states moving forward with legalization, it is very possible we will see legalized sports betting in South Dakota in 2021.

A lot of ‘if’s’ but…..we’re saying there’s a chance.

Texas

Bills Proposed in 2019, Dead end, no current movement

Texas has avoided venturing into gambling in any form for a number of years. There was a lot of initial optimism when sports wagering bills were proposed in 2019. Quite simply, the bills proposed had no legs. Do not expect to see any activity in 2020 and quite possibly not even 2021.

Virginia

House and Senate have proposed bills, minor differences, under consideration

Both the Virginia House and Senate have proposed two separate bills to legalize sports betting in the State. Both bills are online sports betting focused. Both have carved out physical sports betting to be only permitted at professional sports arenas.

Both bills will exclude in state collegiate sports betting and will require only official sports data providers supplying the necessary data to operators.

Virginia is moving fast with gambling expansion after recently authorizing new massive land based casinos near the states North Carolina border. It is likely to see sports wagering legislation pass in 2020.

Vermont

Legislation under consideration

Bill S213 was proposed in January 2020 as an online only sports betting bill. The bill appears to be a homerun for sportsbook operators with very low licensing fees. This is respectable given the states total population is very small. The state has very little gambling presence outside of the State lottery. Very likely online sports betting will pass in Vermont in 2020.

Washington

Legislation under consideration

Bills HB 2639 and SB 6394 have been proposed in the 2020 legislative session with significant tribal support. That is due to the fact that the bills will only legalize sports wagering within the states tribal casinos and exclude non tribal gaming operations. As a result non-tribal gaming companies like Maverick gaming are opposed to the quick legislation outlined in the two proposed bills.

The bills proposed mostly only support land based sports wagering with exception of online sports wagering within the confines of tribal casinos.

Wyoming

Legislation under consideration

On February 14th 2020 HB 225 was introduced for the regulation of online sports wagering in the State of Wyoming. The bill is exclusively for online sports wagering. The proposed fees are a very operator friendly $20,000 for initial licensing and $10,000 annually for renewal. The bill leaves a very broad interpretation of the number of vendors that can apply and is essentially left open with no max number of applicants.


We Can Only Dream (8 States)

  • Bill Proposed, Vetoed
  • Tribal Gaming Conflicts
  • Nothing Convincing Proposed
  • Talking about it, Needs A Serious Push

Hawaii

Legislation to establish a feasibility task force adopted, referred to Governor

HCR 109 and HR 103 was proposed in March of 2019 and adopted in April of 2019 to establish a task force to study the feasibility of legalizing sports gambling. The bill passed through the Hawaii House and Senate and has been left with the Governor since April 2019. No new updates or actions have been taken since April 2019. A task force is sometimes a necessary first step before any meaningful legislation can be proposed within a state.

Hawaii is a rarity among states being that the state has no legal forms of authorized gambling including the lack of a state lottery organization.

Idaho

Nothing in sight

State laws currently outlaw all forms of gambling with exception of horse racing pari-mutuels.

Minnesota

Tribal issues, no new legislation in sight

The States Tribal gaming operators have taken a strong stance against sports wagering in the state. A bill was proposed in 2018 to allow for sports wagering at the states Tribal operated gaming establishments but went no further. Minnesota continues to lose sports wagers over state lines to Iowa.

Nebraska

Multiple bills have been proposed, Heavy opposition

Most recent bill proposed LB 990 is one of several that have been proposed in Nebraska over the last several years. There is much opposition in the state and very unlikely that much will change within the next few years.

Oklahoma

Bills have been proposed, heavy tribal opposition

South Carolina

Legislation proposed, No immediate interest

Conversations are happening in South Carolina but in a state with a regular budget surplus and incredible trends in revenue and tourism tax growth legalizing gambling is a tough sell. It is highly likely to hear more conversation and bills proposed moving in the direction of gambling expansion in the Palmetto State.

Likely next steps will include the introduction of a task force. The state would also need to amend it’s constitution before any serious legislation could be considered.

Utah

Forget about it

Wisconsin

No legislation proposed, Long uphill battle, No tribal support

Gambling in Wisconsin is illegal outside of the states tribal compacts. Any legislation proposed would require support through two consecutive legislative sessions and a statewide referendum to amend the states constitution. A long uphill battle that seemingly no politician is interested in taking on in Wisconsin.

This page covers all of the US sports betting legislation, to learn about the legal status of Daily Fantasy Sports sites in your state, visit our comprehensive Daily Fantasy Sports Guide. To browse legal online sportsbooks in your state check out our US sportsbook reviews.